How do electric vehicles work?

exter Energy
2 min readAug 24, 2023

Electric vehicles, as we all have been told, are the future of mobility around the world. Electric scooters are comfortable, easy to handle, low-maintenance and all sorts of perfect for our ‘ride to the future’, if I may be so bold to say. What eludes most of us still, is the basic understanding of how electric scooters work. We are familiar with traditional fuel-run vehicles and understandably vary of the unknown. In this article I intend to introduce you to the workings of an electric two-wheeler in a comprehensible manner.

Electric vehicles run on electricity, as is clear by their name, just like our conventional vehicles run on petrol or diesel. This is the main reason why EVs are deemed environmentally friendly.

Electric two wheelers work with lesser components than conventional fuel run vehicles; here are some of the main components that are essential for the functioning of electric vehicles:

  • Battery- There are two types of batteries that are used in an electric vehicle, namely lead-acid and lithium-ion batteries. Batteries are the source of energy for electric vehicles. These batteries are generally rechargeable, with the average charge lasting for 48–64 kilometers. The range of an EV is determined by the charge durability of its battery.
  • Motor- The motor of the electric scooter is mounted on its frame. The motor is responsible for converting the electric energy from the battery into kinetic energy. The energy is then transformed into rotary motion through a differential unit that is connected to the tires. The strength of the motor is directly proportional to the speed of the vehicle.
  • Throttle System- This basically controls the amount of current that is fed into the motor. It is also called an acceleration system and consists of a hand-operated lever, which is connected to the motor.
  • Braking System- Braking system is an integral part of the safety measures taken in an electric scooter. Many of the electric scooters have a hand-operated braking system. Big scooters have a braking system that stops the back tires, while the small ones break with the front tire. The brake pads are connected to the hand-lever by a transmission cable.

The only doubt in your mind now must be how to charge your electric scooter after you buy one. Exter steps in here to provide you with every service that you need to maintain your electric vehicle’s battery. Visit our website for more information about us.

*This blog was written at exter.in/blog page. Content has been moved here to medium story.

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exter Energy

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